Biography of Dean Nurpeisova. Speech of the famous Soviet musicologist Vladimir Belyaev about Dina and her success. The title of "People's Artist of the Kazakh SSR". Her career as the link between the classical past and the present state of dombra music.
?аза?стан Республикасыны? білім ж?не ?ылым министірлігі
Щучинск ?аласы, Педагогикалы? колледжі
Министерство образования и науки Республики Казахстан
ГККП «Педагогический колледж, г. Щучинск»
dean nurpeisova music success
на тему: «Dean Nurpeisova»
г. Щучинск 2012г.
Dean Nurpeisova (kaz. N?rpeyіskelіnі Dean, 1861 Narin-kum, Ural Region, Russian Empire (now Zhangaly district, West Kazakhstan Region, Kazakhstan) - 31 January 1955, Alma-Ata, USSR) - Kazakh composer and performer dombra, a student Kurmangazy Sagyrbaeva, composer of dombra traditional genre kyui ("Bulbul", "Asem konyr", "Bayzhuma", "Zhiger" and others). Folk Artist of the Kazakh SSR (1944).
Born in 1861 in the town of Naryn-cum now Ural region. Playing the lute was trained by his father. She was one of three daughters in the family from generation Kenzhe Torah. Her two sisters cleverly sang, and his father suggested Dean accompany their singing playing lute. Father and became the first teacher of Dina and later became her mentor himself Kurmangazy. She is a child so well performed kui Dauletkerei, Kurmangazy, Muhit, Musirali, Uzakov, Alikeya, Turkesh, Eszhana, Bayzhumy, Balamaysana and other famous kuishi that it was called "girl-dombristkoy". The glory of it spread as far as known kuishi Kurmangazy came to hear nine-year girl. He was pleased with the play of Dina, blessed her, and subsequently did not let out of sight, he took with him on various music competitions, showing her special techniques of playing on lute. Devyatnadtsatiletiya before, when it was given in marriage, becoming Dina led Kurmangazy. That the famous kuishi Dina became a mentor, was fortunate not only for her personally, but for all who love art kyui.
But the husband of Dina Nurpeis Makatuly died in 1885, leaving a son Zhurynbaya. After the death of her husband on the steppe law amengerstva Dean married his younger brother Nuraly. In memory of her first husband's name takes a Nurpeisova . This marriage of Dean Nurpeisova bore several children, but the terrible years of famine had lost all. In 1937 Dean Nurpeisova commissioned renowned musicologist Ahmet Zhubanov found in the village Kozlovo Marfinskiy region Astrakhan region and took in Almaty dombra player Smagul Koshekbaev. And in the fall she had some early success in the second national rally people's talents. Here she skillfully performed her kui "B?lb?l" as well as works of Kurmangazy "T?rem?rat" and "?ayran sheshem." The jury unanimously awarded her first place. In the same year, she was recruited to the Kazakh Philharmonic, and she was awarded the title "Honored Worker of Arts".
In 1939 took place in Moscow All-Union competition of folk music, which included 2000 people. In the second round of the competition took place about two hundred members, and the third - just 53 people. In the end, won first place at once 9 performers, among them Dean Nurpeisov. Famous Soviet musicologist Vladimir Belyaev wrote Dina Nurpeisova speech in the magazine "Soviet Music" (1939 number 11): "The Review of raised value of folk musical instruments, as tools for the development of musical culture of the masses. That high skill games on the Kazakh lute, which showed Dean Nurpeisova - this "Jambul dombra". Art is the best way to agitate for the preservation and development of this and similar tools".
In 1944 in Tashkent hosted the third decade of music the republics of Central Asia and Kazakhstan. At the celebration of art and Dean comes Nurpeisov her - 83 years. In the same year she was awarded the title of "People's Artist of the Kazakh SSR".
After the war, she took custody of her three granddaughters Akzhan, Balzhan and Gulzhan Zhurynbaya from son, a war veteran, who died of his wounds. The last public concert dombristka veteran gave in 1952at the age of 91. Died 31 January 1955 in Alma-Ata.
Dina closes the past with the present. In this sense, her career is a kind of transition period, the link between the classical past and the present state of dombra music. This transition phase is characterized by complexity and inconsistency, it is marked by major events in the political life of the people (the liberation movement in 1916, the Revolution, World War II, post-war recovery period).
Strong impression left in the minds of Dina Nurpeisova event in 1916, when the tsarist government decided to raise the rear of the men from 18 to 43 years from among the residents of the borderlands - those who then called "aliens." In many places, Kazakhstan rebellion broke out against the "requisition" - the official name of this mobilization. The rebels were also against the exploitation of workers feudal baystvom that intensified during World War II. Dean responded kui called "16 zhyl" (sixteen). In contrast to similar work of other popular composers of the "sixteen" Dina is fundamentally optimistic, it has no complaints, nor crying, nor gloom. This Cuers as it heard the sound of horses rebels dzhigits song celebrating crowds, the joy of the people who heard the news of the overthrow of the white king. Kui, from beginning to end draws strength and intransigence of insurgents.
Creatively fruitful time came years after the establishment of Kazakhstan, the Soviet government. Despite the fact that Dean met the revolution at the age of 57 years, her creativity not only not diminished, but rather takes on a more intensive. Seeks to make up for missed Nurpeisova years. She writes a lot, takes an active part in the creative shows of people's talents. Dean writes kui "?sem ?onyr" of Soviet youth and "Toy bastar" (Drinking Song), which draws a national holiday dedicated to the Soviet Constitution, "8 March", "Sauynshy" (Milkmaid), "Enbek Yeri" (Hero of Labor) and other responsible Soviet themes.
At the beginning of the war, in 1941 Dean writes kui "Ana b?yry?y" ("Order of the mother").
All her life she perfected their game, reaching to the highest skill that allows witnesses said, speaking of her unmatched dombra technology. Dina essays have become classics of Kazakh dombra music, including kui "B?lb?l", "K?gen t?p", "Bayzh?ma", "Zhiger" and others.
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